China and Russia will strengthen space cooperation: joint research and development of super heavy rockets

According to the news network on July 22, the US media said that the goal of China's "Long March 9" carrier rocket is to start flying before 2030. It has a diameter of 10 meters and a height of 100 meters. The first stage uses four engines to generate 6,000 tons of thrust, and there are four boosters. Long Lehao, chief designer of China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, announced that with such scale and lift, “Long March 9” will achieve a payload of 140 tons in low earth orbit, 50 tons in orbital transfer capacity, and effective Earth orbit transfer orbit. The load is 44 tons. (The payload of NASA's space launch system is expected to be 130 tons, while the space exploration technology company's BFR rocket has a payload of 150 tons, and the "Long March 9" 140 tons is exactly between the two. According to the US "Popular Science" monthly website report on July 20th, the "Long March 9" can be repeated, given that the goal of the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology is to make all space launch vehicles fully reusable by 2035. The usage version is likely to be in progress. According to the report, Long Lehao ​​said that China National Space Administration has a major plan for the "Long March 9". In addition to sending astronauts to the moon and establishing a lunar base, the maiden voyage of the Long March 9 in 2030 will be the return of the Martian soil sample, after the completion of the Mars mission in 2020. Long Lehao ​​said that the heavy payload of the "Long March 9" can support China's orbital solar power plant, which will consist of orbital solar panels that transmit energy back to the earth's power converter. The report said that in the news related to the "Long March 9", China and Russia will strengthen space cooperation in the next 10 years, because the China National Space Administration and the Russian National Aerospace Corporation have signed a wide-ranging space exploration cooperation agreement covering From the moon to detect the issue of orbiting space junk. According to Russian media reports, China and Russia are considering cooperation on the super heavy space launch vehicle, which is likely to refer to the "Long March 9". According to the report, one arrangement may be that the Russian outer planet payload will take the Chinese super heavy rocket. According to the Russian Satellite News Agency, the Sino-Russian joint space station in the mid-1920s may be under construction, which is in parallel with the planned US-Russian lunar orbit space station. Of course, both projects and timelines are very forward-looking. According to the report, the Wenchang Space Launch Center is located in Hainan, the southernmost island province of China, because it is closer to the equator and can improve the performance of the launching rocket. In addition to launching the "Long March 5" rocket in 2015, Wenchang will support the 130-ton payload of the "Long March 9" rocket by 2030. According to the report, the "Long March 9" can achieve a payload of 140 tons in low earth orbit (or 50 tons of orbital payload), and when it is lifted off around 2030, it will be the world's most powerful space launch vehicle. . It will not only serve the Chinese lunar exploration project, but will also go to Mars and other places. The report pointed out that once the "Long March 9" is launched, it will be the first step to make China a major foreign space. Just as China's space cooperation with Russia and China's National Space Administration have left any space for interest in the "Tiangong No. 3", China clearly plans to use space as the core of its 21st century soft power.

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